Assessing benefits of slum upgrading programs in second-best settings

by Basab Dasgupta

Publisher: World Bank in [Washington, D.C

Written in English
Published: Downloads: 108
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Subjects:

  • Slums -- Brazil -- Case studies.,
  • Quality of life -- Brazil -- Case studies.,
  • Urban renewal -- Brazil -- Case studies.

Edition Notes

StatementBasab Dasgupta, Somik V. Lall.
GenreCase studies.
SeriesPolicy research working paper -- 3993, Policy research working papers (Online) -- 3993.
ContributionsLall, Somik V., World Bank.
Classifications
LC ClassificationsHG3881.5.W57
The Physical Object
FormatElectronic resource
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL16811283M
LC Control Number2006618442

The Saint Louis University Mental Status Examination is a method of screening for Alzheimer's disease and other kinds of was designed as an alternative screening test to the widely used Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE). inal slum or in an alternate location. The goal of this paper is to evaluate the welfare ef-fects of such programs using data for Mumbai (Bom-bay), India. A key issue in slum upgrading is whether current residents are made better off by improving hous-ing in situ, or by relocating. The answer to this question. irst large-scale slum upgrading program in the city of São Paulo, the Guarapiranga Program served almost slums and became an example to be followed, providing one of our most important lessons. The positive results of Brazil’s irst slum upgrading projects suggested a new direction for future interventions and public policies. 1. Financial Assessment Slum upgrading projects will ordinarily not generate any major revenue, unless the package includes land-tenure regularization for which residents pay a fee or land-lease charge. Occasionally, co-benefit revenues arise from linking slum upgrading to improving water supply and/or solid waste.

  SLUM UPGRADING Slum upgrading is an urban renewal strategy which consists of physical, social, economic, organizational and environmental improvements to slums undertaken cooperatively and locally among citizens, community groups, businesses and local authorities. The main OBJECTIVE of slum upgrading is to alleviate the poor living standards. Based on the theoretical costs of slum upgrading infrastructure (following the studies we consulted) for São Paulo's Guarapiranga Program, inflation-adjusted through June — approximately R$ 11, per family on average, and the costs of the same program obtained by our own team of R$ 9, per family — we see that these costs are two.   The book, "Urbanização de Favelas: Lições Aprendidas no Brasil" [Slum Upgrading: Lessons Learned in Brazil] was launched on September 3rd during the World Urban Forum, sponsored by the United Nations. The forum, taking place in Naples, Italy through September 7th, discusses significant experiences in urban areas. Similarly slum upgrading efforts in Philippines, India and Brazil have proven to be excessively more expensive than initially estimated, and the condition of the slums 10 years after completion of slum upgrading has been slum like. The anticipated benefits of slum upgrading.

  For each group of outcomes an extensive review of the literature is presented. Also methodological issues regarding implementation and identification strategies for the effects of the interventions are assessed. Finally, the document details some relevant indicators for evaluating slum upgrading programs and suggests avenues for future research. Questions about this assessment tool? E-mail [email protected] Name_____ Age_____ Is the patient alert?_____ Level of education_____ 1. What day of the week is it? 2. What is the year? 3. What state are we in? 4. Please remember these five objects. I will . The Human Resources Division also offers recognition programs for outstanding employees. Core Coverage. Core coverage benefits are those that Saint Louis University feels strongly that you should participate in and supports participation by helping to pay for these benefits. Accidental Death & Dismemberment (AD&D) Life Insurance. Slum Upgrading in India. In order to help revitalize the physical and social infrastructure so that residents could improve their habitats while strengthening their sense of community, CHF implemented the Sahbhagi Yojana 2 Support Program (SY2SP) from to Funded by the US Agency for International Development, CHF implemented SY2SP in three cities in India’s western state of Gujarat.

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Slum formation is occurring at unprecedented rates. A report by the United Nations Human Settlements Programme (UN-Habitat, ) estimated the number of slum dwellers in at almost 1 billion, Assessing Benefits of Slum Upgrading Programs in Second-Best Settings | SpringerLinkCited by: 9.

Assessing benefits of slum upgrading programs in second-best settings. Slum upgrading programs are being used by national and city governments in many countries to improve the welfare of households living in slum and squatter settlements. These programs typically include a combination of improvements in neighborhood infrastructure, land tenure, and building by: 9.

Downloadable. Slum upgrading programs are being used by national and city governments in many countries to improve the welfare of households living in slum and squatter settlements.

These programs typically include a combination of improvements in neighborhood infrastructure, land tenure, and building quality. In this paper, the authors develop a dynamic general equilibrium model to compare.

Get this from a library. Assessing benefits of slum upgrading programs in second-best settings. [Basab Dasgupta; Somik V Lall; World Bank.] -- "Slum upgrading programs are being used by national and city governments in many countries to improve the welfare of households living in slum and squatter settlements.

These programs typically. services and the natural environment. Despite the programs that are currently applied and ongoing interventions, it is not yet clear what the best practices are for these upgrades, which range from small, single-sector interventions to integral, multisector slum upgrading programs.

Outcomes of Slum Upgrading Programs. of slum upgrading interventions, providing reasons why facilities were not used as intended and what factors may have reduced the benefits of the intervention. Slum dweller perspectives provide insight into barriers and facilitators for successful implementation and maintenance interventions.

However, despite millions of dollars invested in. the beneficiaries from the slum to the redeveloped housing units, assessing the adequacy and affordability of the housing typologies implemented by the developer in relation to the living styles of the beneficiaries and investigating the perceptions of the beneficiaries towards the slum upgrading and redevelopment approach used in the project.

Slum-upgrading programs should be participatory and involve slum dwellers, which could be assisted by NGOs. The private sector can also play a key role in delivering infrastructure and finance.

National governments and development finance institutions could play a facilitator role in support of slum-upgrading programs. KENSUP (Kenyan Slum Upgrading Programme) and more recently KISIP (Kenya Informal Settlements Improvement Project), for example, the Government has been undertaking slum upgrading projects in several urban areas.

These interventions are however hampered by the absence of a comprehensive policy and legal framework. Slum upgrading benefits a city by: Fostering inclusion.

Slum upgrading addresses serious problems affecting slum residents, including illegality, exclusion, precariousness and barriers to services, credit, land, and social protection for vulnerable populations such. The active participation of slum residents in upgrade pro- grammes tends to be captured by the term ‘ community participa- tion ’ and has been lauded as global best practice in slum upgrades.

1 Slum Upgrading: Assessing the Importance of Location A plea for a spatial approach as an integral component Koen Olthuis1 2, Jiya Benni 1 2, Kristin Eichwede 1 2, Chris Zevenbergen 1 1-Flood Resilience Group, UNESCO-IHE, PO BoxDA Delft, The NetherlandsGen. BerenschotlaanJM Rijswijk, The Netherlands.

The slum population in Casablanca has been growing sincewhen it numbe Despite the efforts to mitigate this expansion, 98, households. 4 are currently targeted by the slum improvement program. Assuming a typical household size of five persons, this represents a. programs targeted to the most vulnerable such as cash transfers, subsidies, and public works programs (Baker, ).

The slum upgrading programs can combine the three types of interventions, however that is not common. Several countries have achieved or are in the process of achieving reduction or stabilization of slum growth rates.

Ten principles that shape the policy framework for a successful slum upgrading programme. Accept and acknowledge slums and their importance. Achieving a city without slums begins with a shared understanding that slums and their residents are an integral part of the city, and that slum residents have a right to the city and to its services.

Slum upgrading has therefore become a very important area of focus for the organization, with increasing emphasis being placed on policy and operational support to the following areas: scaling up.

Whilst slum upgrading is often seen as one of the more effective ways of tackling urban poverty, the approaches taken by slum upgrading policies vary considerably, as do their degrees of success.

This article reports on a comparative study of slum upgrading experiences in Bandung, Indonesia; Quezon City, Philippines; and Hanoi, Vietnam. It also raised questions regarding (i) strengthening existing qualitative components of systematic reviews and (ii) difficulties in assessing the quality of qualitative information from studies focused on quantitative methodology.

Conclusion. The systematic review on slum upgrading interventions highlights several methodological challenges.

Visiting several upgrading sites recently in Nairobi seemed to suggest what might be missing in most slum upgrading projects. Critical analysis of two site specific projects (Huruma/Kambi Moto and Kibera Decanting site) reinforced what most of us know- that poverty is a common denominator in all slums and that any serious upgrading program should contain an economic aspect in addition to all.

The slum upgrading programs, in addition to providing minimum living conditions, also conform to a set of guidelines which inter-alia include many of the urban sustainability guidelines publicised by movements such as New Urbanism, Smart Growth etc.

These guidelines aim to address some. UN‐Habitat promotes different programs to support slum upgrading: Participatory Slum Upgrading, Cities Alliance, The Slum Upgrading Facility, and more. «Other UN agencies and international organizations, as UNDP or the European Commission, allocated funds and are involved with urban poor areas upgrading.

A slum upgrading program is not a collection of independently technical actions. It should be an integrated and comprehensive practice, engaging instances in an interdisciplinary way, aiming to improve quality of life.

Upgrading as policy Slum upgrading is a process where informal settlements gradually improve and are incorporated in the formal. The proposed Monrovia Slum Upgrade preparatory activity started by revalidating these objectives in a kick-off session with key stakeholders and community members. A steering committee directed by the city comprised of community, sub-national, and national officials was set up to guide the process.

only slum upgrading, but social upliftment. Fromthe World Bank supported the KIP scheme with soft loans to accelerate the pace. A dedicated KIP unit was set up to bring fragmented planning and implementation under a single umbrella.

Bythe Indonesian government endorsed the KIP scheme as national policy. shelter for all, is focusing on slum upgrading as one of its key areas. UN‐Habitat promotes different programs to support slum upgrading: Participatory Slum Upgrading, Cities Alliance, The Slum Upgrading Facility, and more.

Slum upgrading requires a. However, some programs do include optional home improvement loans and sometimes technical assistance and training. Experience has shown that upgrading basic services tends to mobilize extensive housing investment as well.

(See: Housing Priorities) Lusaka, Zambia. Pride of place. Cairo, Egypt. Homes in all stages of development. A compass is a tool that guides, indicates directions, and provides a way to navigate to a desired destination. The goal of this “compass” is to provide background information, a characterization of slum upgrading and prevention approaches, and.

THESIS ASSESSMENT BOARD: M.F.A.M. (Martin) van Maarseveen (Chair) Dipl.-Ing. Johannes Lückenkötter (External Examiner, TU Dortmund) Identifying and Classifying Slum Development Stages from Spatial Data NEGERA DINSA SORI. As described in Fig. 2, land and urban regularization (slum upgrading) takes place in three budgetary phases: 1) the first stage is the PB demand for topographic and cadastral assessment; 2) the second is the request for urbanização (physical regularization or “re-blocking”); and 3) the third are demands for the construction of housing.

Slum upgrading is therefore defined as the improvement/reversal of the livelihoods and living conditions of the slum dwellers (Cities Alliance, ).

Slum upgrading is still a relatively new concept so once more, its origin and evolution will be discussed more in the next chapter. Delimitation.The Participatory Slum Upgrading Programme (PSUP) was launched in April with a view to contributing towards urban poverty reduction and the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), particularly Goal 7, Tar through participatory and sustainable slum upgrading activities.

Implemented by the Regional and.This slum upgrading project, which started instems from a need to build community capacity necessary for higher level engagement and negotiation processes.

Without the community capacity built through savings, enumerations, and exchanges, ownership over upgrading .